Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a complete system of healing that developed in China about 3,000 years ago and has changed very little over the centuries. It's based on the idea that laws of nature can be used to understand the inner workings of the body. Your health, like the universe at large, proponents say, is subject to constant battling between opposing forces such as heat and cold, male and female, joy and sadness, which manifest themselves in your body as too much or too little activity in particular organs.
An imbalance between any of these forces can cause a blockage in the flow of your Qi or vital energy traveling through your body along invisible pathways known as meridians. TCM practitioners typically use acupuncture and herbs to help unblock your qi and bring your body back into harmony and wellness.
Traditional medical practices include herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, and so on. TCM says processes of the human body are interrelated and constantly interact with the environment. Therefore the theory looks for the signs of disharmony in the external and internal environment of a person in order to understand, treat and prevent illness and disease.
Traditional Chinese Medicine is a complete medical system that has been used to diagnose, treat, and prevent illnesses.TCM theory is based on a number of philosophical frameworks including the Theory of Yin-Yang, the Five Elements, the human body Meridian system (or called Qi), and others. Diagnosis and treatment are conducted with reference to these concepts.
The Chinese also developed a very sophisticated idea of physiology, and specific functions were defined for each of the 12 main organs. The Nei Ching Su Wen states that "the heart fills the pulse with blood…. And the force of the pulse flows into the arteries, and the force of the arteries ascends into the lungs". This describes the double circulation of blood some 2,000 years.
The anatomy (acupuncture points and channels) and physiology of traditional Chinese medicine, along with a detailed examination of the pulse and tongue, provides the basis for TCM.
Practitioners believe that there is a life force or energy in every body. In order for Yin and Yang to be balanced and for the body to be healthy, Qi must be balanced and flowing freely. When there's too little or too much Qi in one of the body's energy pathways (meridians), or when the flow of Qi is blocked, illness results.